Issues on the agenda:
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a military alliance that includes 28 member states from Europe and North America. NATO was established with the North Atlantic Treaty in April 1949 against the Soviet threat and expansion into Europe. Although it has never exercised its military force, NATO’s strong member state alliance was prominent in the efforts to halt Soviet influence. Another aim of NATO was to unite all the countries of Europe and America under one umbrella. It also resolved to maintain the economic stability of the member states and advance on the military front.
NATO operates under the principle stated in the Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty: “The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all”. Over the course of years, the mandate of the organization has been extended to include providing humanitarian aid, assisting in political reconstruction in war-torn nations and ensuring the security of all member states.